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Featured: Y. G. Krishnamurti
Yelandur Gopalasastry Krishnamurti (Y. G. Krishnamurti) was born into a Brahmin family in Yelandur in the year 1911. His father Gopalasastry and mother Lakshmi Narasamma had six children (four daughters and two sons). His father Gopalasastry was a rich landlord who also functioned as a local school teacher. According to reports he was very popular as a teacher and Vedic pundit. He completed his bachelor’s degree in arts from Maharaja’s College, University of Mysore and did his M. A. in English literature under the tutelage of famous poet Prof B. M. Srikantia. He was also a student of S. Srikanta Sastri. Prof B. M. Srikantia often consulted his student Y. G. Krishnamurti with regard to his writings and translations. He was deeply involved in the freedom struggle as a student leader and he was arrested and jailed on several occasions. People still remember him as a great orator in Kannada and English. According to his mother, on several occasions he was released from jail at the instance of Prof J. C. Rollo – Principal of Maharaja College, Mysore to attend examinations.
19, January, 1977
University of Mysore, Mysore
Freedom Struggle, Nationalistic writing, Editing works
“Indian States and the Federal Plan”
“Independent India and a New World Order”
“Jawaharlal Nehru – The Man and his Ideas”
"Gorkha Dakshin Bahu - II"
Jawaharlal Nehru with
Y. G. Krishnamurti
Krishnamurti travelled widely all over the country meeting such leaders as Mahatma Gandhi, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Dr S. Radhakrishnan, Babu Rajendra Prasad and members of the Nehru family such as Krishna Hutheesing – the youngest sister of Jawaharlal Nehru and Rameshuri Nehru. He authored several books in English before Independence recording the struggle as well as a future vision of the country. Some of these books carried either an introduction or a foreword by such eminent people as Babu Rajendra Prasad, Dr B. Pattabhi Sitaramayya, Bhulabhai. J. Desai, Mrs Rameshuri Nehru, Dr S. Radhakrishnan and Dr S. Srikanta Sastri. For example the book “Gandhism for millions” carries a foreword by Dr Rajendra Prasad and an introduction by His Excellency Dr M. S. Aney – Governor of Bihar.
Krishnamurti often visited Dr S. Srikanta Sastri while writing his books for consultation and advice. Dr Sastri often made changes in the manuscript and gave him a direction. Some of these books written after India gaining Independence fall into the category of Hagiography. After graduating from Maharaja’s College, Krishnamurti wrote a biography of Mysore Tathaiah – M. Venkatakrishnayya, a few months after the latter’s demise. Krishnamurti dedicated to Dr Sastri his next book titled “Indian States and Federal
Highest Civil Honour
"Order of Gorkha Dakshin Bahu - II"
Y. G. Krishnamurti with
K. C. Reddy
Krishna Huthee Singh, S. Radhakrishnan, Pathanjali Sastri, Y. G. Krishnamurti
Plan”, which was published in 1939 on the eve of the Second World War. Dr Sastri wrote a foreword to one of Krishnamurti’s books titled “Independent India and a New World Order” published in 1942. Incidentally, this foreword caught the attention of German propaganda chief and Adolf Hitler’s right hand man – Joseph Goebbels. Goebbels would go on to announce Dr Sastri’s name along with S. Radhakrishnan’s over Berlin radio at the height of Second World War quoting their works. Goebbels also mentioned that these two were opposing the British colonial rule in their writings. This led to Dr Sastri being summoned by the British Secret Service Police and interrogated about his involvement in this Freedom movement.
Krishnamurti went to Bangalore and took up employment under Sir M. Visvesvaraya as a Secretary on a salary of Rs. 75 per month. During this period he wrote a book titled “Sir M. Visvesvaraya: A Study”. Here he encapsulated the economic policies as envisaged by M. Visvesvaraya for free India. This book was published by the well known Industrialist of Bangalore - B. M. Srinivasaiah, who was involved in the manufacture of soaps and detergents and regularly imported raw materials like Naphtha from Europe. At the beginning of the Second World War, Naphtha was in short supply. It was during this time that Dr S. Sastri advised and forewarned Srinivasaiah of Benito Mussolini’s
impending entry into the Second World War and the consequent need to import naphtha in adequate quantities beforehand. This invaluable piece of advice helped the industrialist import sufficient quantities of naphtha well before the War cut off the regular trade routes thereby helping him save thousands of rupees. As a mark of gratitude, Srinivasaiah sent Dr S. Srikanta Sastri a shaving set and an American gabardine suit cloth. From Bangalore, Krishnamurti went to Bombay where he authored the Congress Souvenir of 1950. This brought him in conflict with K. T. Shah. Before leaving for Bombay, he had procured from Dr Sastri fifty copies of “Proto-Indic Religion” with the hope of selling them through “Popular Book Depot” in Bombay.