Dr. S. Srikanta Sastri





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"Development of Sanskrit Literature under Vijayanagara" (1936) by S. Srikanta Sastri



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Published under the auspices of The Vijayanagara Empire Sexcentenary Association & Karnatak Historical Research Society, Dharwar (1936)


"Development of Sanskrit Literature under Vijayanagara" (1936) by

Dr. S. Srikanta Sastri

Lakshmi Narasimha statue, Hampi

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                 "Development of Sanskrit Literature

                           under Vijayanagara" (1936)


                                         S. Srikanta Sastri


THE culture of India has been throughout the ages dominated by the testing idea of a continual process of actualization and animation of the beautiful as a space-thought and time sequence is of importance only as indication of a specific Beauty in the universal rhythm. As a civilisation however, India represented the notion of Karmic process suffused not with the soul but with the intellect, and thus evolved a particular structure unique in its form of language symbolism - In polity the city state, in fine arts—denomination and conservation, in philosophy sensualism and entrophy, in religion the Become, in the sciences rationalistic phenomenalism, characterise all civilisations. In the history of Vijayanagara we see this process of a culture becoming a civilisation. Though there is no antithesis between form and the Memory, the synthesis of the two become evident only in certain special symbols of which Vijayanagara Sanskrit literature furnishes the best example.


The Vijayanagara epoch was as it were the last spiritual crisis involving the conflict between the tyranny of reason as expressed in dialectic demonstration, and the feeling against emotional liberation in the infinite as expressed in the Bhakti literature. In the earliest period of Vijayanagara literature, the reverence for the past and the passion for conservation was balanced equally with fore-thought. This is nowhere more evident than in the monumental commentary on the Vedas. Sayana acknowledges his indebtedness to previous Acharyas and contemporaries like Hastamalaka, Gomati, Dhanuska Yajvan, Atmananda, Ravana Bhatta Bhaskara, Hariswamin, Skandaswamin, Bhavasvamin, Haradatta, Venkata-Madhava, Govinda Svamin, Udgithacharya, Bharata Svamin, Mahisha, Narayana, Kaparda Svamin, Uvata, but this in no way lessens the greatness of Sayana Bhashya. Sayana was assisted by Panchagni Madhava, son of Narayana, Narahari

"Development of Sanskrit Literature under Vijayanagara" (1936) by Dr S. Srikanta Sastri (1936) Lakshmi Narasimha statue


A Pond at Hampi

A Pond at Hampi